Los Artes Huicholes
The Huichol or Wixáritari are a Native American ethnic group of western central Mexico, living in the Sierra Madre Occidental range in the Mexican states of Nayarit, Jalisco, Zacatecas, and Durango. The Huicholes are an artistic people.
When I was in Xalapa (Veracruz state) I first met a woman in Callejon street. Good features, but tough, inscrutable face. She is there with her son, selling her art in the street. Her creations are unique. She never does the same work twice. When I talk to her in Spanish, she barely answer; I don’t know if it’s because she don’t speak good Spanish or because she just doesn’t really want to answer me. I remember the perfection of her creation, the deep colors and the quite mystic signification of those drawings. One day I didn’t saw her anymore in the street. She had disappeared and never came back.
But few weeks after I met Theodoro, Huichol from Jalisco state, selling his work in Xalapa, because there are opportunities in here. He told me how hard was the trip from his state to Veracruz: Walking most of the time, hitch-hiking some time, taking jam-packed bus… He is open to answer all my questions about Huichol culture. He told me that his father tough him how to embroider and create artistic items, and all the know-how was living in the minds of ancestral community.
About Huichol cosmogonic myth
When Human beings emerged from the sea, the world was dark; only the moon and the stars illuminated the night sky. Because they could not see well, the ancestors formed the first group of jicareros and then began a long journey to find the mountain where the sun would rise. The same ancestors who set off toward the dawn were also the first hunters. Their prey –the deer- went east, pursued by the first deerhunters, the awatamete, as well as by large felines like the jaguar, puma, lynx, or by the “wolf people”, the KamaKite. When the deer reached a certain point in the eastern desert, it turned itself over to the hunters voluntarily. Because of that, its heart (iyari) was transformed into peyote, a psychotropic cactus, whose effects were first experienced by the hunters when they tasted the deer meat…